Research on TIP in stable contexts already presents significant challenges from a methodological and operations perspective, as TIP is a hidden phenomenon and furthermore, a crime. Research and information management on TIP also face further challenges due to the sensitivity of the topic and the ethical concerns research on TIP raises.
IOM Counter-Trafficking in Emergencies
The guide aims to provide an agile support to include CT information management into existing information management mechanisms in humanitarian contexts and to foster cooperation between information management experts, thematic experts, protection practitioners and decision-makers.
- IOM Counter-Trafficking in Emergencies: Information Management Guide
- IOM Counter-Trafficking in Emergencies: Analysis Framework
- IOM Counter-Trafficking in Emergencies: Indicators
- IOM Counter-Trafficking in Emergencies: Information Management Process
IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) gathers and analyzes data to disseminate critical multi layered information on the mobility, vulnerabilities, and needs of displaced and mobile populations that enables decision makers and responders to provide these populations with better context specific assistance.
- IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): https://dtm.iom.int/
- DTM Migration: https://migration.iom.int/
- DTM Displacement: https://displacement.iom.int/
DTM & Partners Toolkit
DTM data is shared with humanitarian actors to inform response. In partnership with many of the Global Clusters, Areas of Responsibility and Working Groups, DTM has developed tools to support and strengthen cooperation in the field and ensure that the data collected is useful to Partners’ humanitarian responses.
Protection Information Management (PIM)
The PIM Initiative is a collaborative project, facilitated by DRC and UNHCR, bringing together UN, NGO, and other protection and IM partners working to respond to protection needs in situations of displacement. PIM is the principled, systematised, and collaborative processes to collect, process, analyse, store, share, and use data and information to enable evidence-informed action for quality protection outcomes.
Global Protection Cluster, Gender-Based Violence and Child-Protection AoRs
- Global protection cluster (GPC): Information and data management
- Gender-Based Violence (GBV) AoR: IM Tools & Resources
- Child-Protection (CP) AoR IM: Coordination & Information Management Starter Pack
- CP AoR: Needs Identification and Analysis Framework (NIAF)
- Gender-Based Violence (GBV): Information Management Systems
- Child-Protection (CP): Information Management Systems
- GPC Interaction Working Group (2003) Data Collection: A Guide for Incorporating Protection Humanitarian Response
Ethics and Principles in Humanitarian Information Management
- Campo, Stuart R., Caitlin N. Howarth, Nathaniel A. Raymond and Daniel P. Scarnecchia, 2018: “The Signal Code: Ethical Obligations for Humanitarian Information Activities.” Signal Program on Human Security and Technology, Standards and Ethics Series: 03. Cambridge: Harvard Humanitarian Initiative
- Data Science & Ethic Group (IOM DTM &Data Science Initiative), 2020: A framework for the ethical use of advanced data science methods in the humanitarian sector
- OCHA, 2019: Data responsibility guidelines (working draft)
- IOM, 2010: IOM Data protection manual
- ICRC, 2017: Handbook on data protection in humanitarian action
Ethical Concerns in TIP and Thematic Research
- Edge, Darren, et al., 2020 "Design of a Privacy-Preserving Data Platform for Collaboration Against Human Trafficking." arXiv preprint arXiv:2005.05688
- Nexus Institute, 2019: Legal and ethical issues in data collection on trafficking in person
- United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking, 2008: Guide to Ethics and Human Rights in CT - Ethical Standards for CT Research and Programming
- D Siegel & R de Wildt Ed., 2016: Ethical Concerns in Research on Human Trafficking
- UNICEF, 2016: Berman, G., Hart, J., O’Mathúna, D., Mattellone, E., Potts, A., O’Kane, C., Shusterman, J., and Tanner, T . What We Know about Ethical Research Involving Children in Humanitarian Settings: An overview of principles, the literature and case studies, Innocenti Working Paper No. 2016-18, UNICEF Office of Research, Florence.
- ICAT, 2012: Tool 6.12 Ethical and safe interviewing conduct in Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons
- IOM & Nexus Institute, 2010: Beneath the surface. Methodological issues in research and data collection with assisted trafficking victims
- WHO, 2005: Chapter 2 - Ethical considerations for researching violence against women in Researching violence against women: a practical guide for researchers and activists.
- WHO, Zimmerman, Cathy & Watts, Charlotte, 2003: WHO ethical and safety recommendations for interviewing trafficked women
Indicators Key Sources
- UNOCD – ICAT, 2012: Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons (Chapter 6, page 243)
- ILO, 2009 Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings
- Laczko, F. (2005) Data and research on human trafficking. International Migration, 43(1‐2), 5-16.
- Nexus Institute & IOM (2010) Beneath the surface. Methodological issues in research and data collection with VoT.
- Nexus Institute & IOM (2010) Beneath the surface. Methodological issues in research and data collection with assisted trafficking victims.
- Nexus Institute & IOM (2014) Challenges in Researching human traffickers and trafficking operations.
- Nexus Institute (2019) Good Practice in TIP Data Collection Recommendations for Donors and Funders.
- Nexus Institute (2019) The Science (and Art) of Understanding Trafficking in Persons Good Practice in TIP Data Collection